Common Bugs

Identification of Some Common Beneficial Bugs
and Additional Facts

Beneficial Bugs

Type of Insect

Additional Facts

Kills These Bad Bugs
Lacewing

Lacewing

Predator

Adults are about 3/8 inch long. Their delicate wings easily identify them.

 

Aphids, thrips, lice and other larvae

Ladybug or Ladybeetle

Ladybug

 

Predator

The larvae resemble alligators and are just as ravenous as adult beetles.

 

Aphids, thrips, tree lice and other larvae

Praying Mantis

 

 Praying Mantis

Predator

Fascinating to observe, the praying mantis can grow up to four inches long. There is much debate about keeping praying mantis since they will eat anything, including their own kind.

 

Eats anything - flies, beetles, caterpillars, crickets and grasshoppers

Tachinid Fly

Tachinid Fly

 

Parasitic

Similar to a house fly, only hairier, tachinids tend to stay near plants, not people.

 

Moths, bean and potato beetles, grasshoppers, caterpillars, cutworms

Trichogramma Wasp

Trichogramma Wasp

 

Parasitic

Don't let the word wasp scare you — this species is too microscopic to see but is a valuable control.

 

Worm larvae, borers, webworms, leafworms and cutworms

Soldier Beetle

Soldier Beetle

 

Predator

About 1/2 inch long, they resemble lightning bugs.

Caterpillars, bean and potato beetles

Ground Beetle

 

 Ground Bettle

Predator

Up to 1-inch long, with black or brown shells. They like to hide under yard debris and loose bark. There are many varieties and shapes – the common ground beetle is shown.

Cutworms, maggots, snails and slugs

Assassin Bug

assassin bug-beneficial bug

 

Predator

Earns its name by sneaking up on and attacking its prey. Assassins are up to 1-inch long and are identified by their long head and curved beak. They can also inflict a painful bite on humans.

 

Mosquitoes, flies, caterpillars, beetles and anything else that moves.

List -Courtesy of Lowes